Glossary


Adaptive unconscious-Is a set of mental processes influencing judgment and decision making.

Algorithm-A recipe outlining the steps in a procedure for solving a problem; often used to describe key methods used in a computer program.

Chapel Perilous-An occult term referring to a psychological state in which an individual cannot be certain if they have been aided or hindered by some force outside the realm of the natural world, or if what appeared to be supernatural interference was a product of their own imagination.

Cognitive dissonance-Is a discomfort caused by holding conflicting cognitions (e.g., ideas, beliefs, values, emotional reactions) simultaneously. An example of this would be the conflict between wanting to smoke and knowing that smoking is unhealthy.

Collective unconscious-It is proposed to be a part of the unconscious mind, expressed in humanity and all life forms with nervous systems, and describes how the structure of the psyche autonomously organizes experience (Carl Jung).

Consciousness-Is a term that refers to the relationship between the mind and the world with which it interacts.

Contingent negative variation effect-Is a negative spike of electrical activity which appears in the brain half a second prior to a person being consciously aware of movements that she/he is about to make.

Cosmogony-Is any scientific theory concerning the coming into existence, or origin, of the cosmos or universe, or about how what sentient beings perceive as "reality" came to be.

Eight-Circuit Model of Consciousness-This theory proposed by Timothy Leary, states that the human being is seen as having several "minds" (defined as neural circuits) which evolve during the course of individual development and which can be turned on and off selectively and adaptably as one "turns on and tunes" the many external electrical circuits surrounding the modern human.The nervous system consists of eight potential circuits: 1) the bio-survival circuit, 2)the emotional circuit, 3)the dexterity -symbolism circuit, 4)the socio-sexual circuit, 5) neurosomatic circuit, 6)the neuroelectric circuit, 7) the neurogentic circuit, 8)the neuroatomic circuit.

Electroencephalography (EEG)-Is the recording of electrical activity along the scalp produced by the firing of neurons within the brain.

Entheogen-God inside us. Entheogens are psychoactive substances used for spiritual experiences.

Entheospace-That sense of place you have at those special moments when, during an exploration of your inner landscape, you discover an entire universe. (From Psychedelic Thinking and the Dawn of Homo Cyber at Mind States II. Lorenzo Hagerty. 2001).

Empiricism-In philosophy, a doctrine that affirms that all knowledge is based on experience, and denies the possibility of spontaneous ideas or a priori thought.

Epistemology-Is the branch of philosophy concerned with the nature and scope (limitations) of knowledge.

Esotericism-Ideas preserved or understood by a small group or those specially initiated, or of rare or unusual interest.

False awakening-What we perceive as true reality is in truth an illusion as evidenced by our minds' inability to distinguish between reality and dreams.

Metacognition-Is defined as "cognition about cognition", or "knowing about knowing. It includes knowledge about when and how to use particular strategies for learning or for problem solving

Naive Realism-The inescapable conviction that we perceive objects and events as they really are and we assume that other reasonable people see things the way we do.

Neurogenesis-(birth of neurons) is the process by which neurons are generated.

Neurologic-The understanding and control of one's own nervous system (Timothy Leary).

Neuroplasticity-The brains ability to change its structure and function in response to experience. In other words, the brain is plastic and malleable.

Noosphere-Sphere of human thought. An interlinked system of consciousness and information, a global net of self-awareness, instantaneous feedback, and planetary communication. (From Cosmogenesis. Pierre Teilhard de Chardi, 1922). The noosphere emerges through and is constituted by the interaction of human minds (global consciousness).

Ontology-The philosophical study of the nature of being, existence, or reality.

Pantheism-Is the view that the Universe (or Nature) and God (or divinity) are identical.

Polymath-Is a person whose expertise spans a significant number of different subject areas.

Priming-Involves reciting a given set of words that are designed to alter your mindset.

Psychedelic-"Mind manifesting". 

Psychonautics-A sailor of the mind/soul. Refers both to a methodology for describing and explaining the subjective effects of altered states of consciousness.

Quantum mind or quantum consciousness-This hypothesis proposes that classical mechanics cannot explain consciousness, while quantum mechanical phenomena, such as quantum entanglement and superposition, may play an important part in the brain's function, and could form the basis of an explanation of consciousness.

Reality Tunnel-With a subconscious set of mental filters formed from beliefs and experiences, every individual interprets the same world differently, hence truth is in the eye of the beholder. (Timothy Leary and Robert Anton Wilson).

Solipsism-Is the philosophical idea that only one's own mind is sure to exist.

Synchronicity-Is the experience of two or more events that are apparently causally unrelated or unlikely to occur together by chance, yet are experienced as occurring together in a meaningful manner (Carl Jung).

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